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Migraine
Classification and external resources

The Head Ache. George Cruikshank (1819)
ICD-10 G43.
ICD-9 346
OMIM 157300
DiseasesDB 8207 (优德线上娱乐app官方)
31876 (Basilar)
4693 (FHM)
MedlinePlus 000709
eMedicine neuro/218 neuro/517 emerg/230 neuro/529
MeSH D008881
.优德线上娱乐线路登录 is a neurological syndrome characterized by altered bodily perceptions, severe headaches, and nausea.w88优德线上娱乐 Migraine headaches tend to be severe and recurrent and are often accompanied by nausea.
  • Migraine Headache Symptom 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.targetwoman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐 Migraine headaches can become severe and disabling.
  • migraine-remedy.com - Remedies for Migraine Headaches. Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraine-remedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Migraine headaches can be dull or severe.
  • Migraine - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Migraine - NY Times Health Information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Migraine Medical Information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Migraine - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Migraine - NY Times Health Information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Physiologically, the 优德线上娱乐平台首页 is a neurological condition more common to women than to men.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Migraines occur more often in women than men, and may run in families.
  • Migraine - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Migraine - NY Times Health Information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Migraine - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Migraine - NY Times Health Information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 This primary headache is slightly more common in men than in women, with onset usually after age 50.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Headache Pregnancy-related conditions Head Conditions more types...» Types of Migraine .
  • Migraine Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[1][2] The word migraine was borrowed from Old French migraigne (originally as "megrim", but respelled in 1777 on a contemporary French model). The French term derived from a vulgar pronunciation of the Late Latin word hemicrania, itself based on Greek hemikrania, from Greek roots for "half" and "skull".[3]
.The typical migraine headache is unilateral (affecting one half of the head) and pulsating, lasting from 4 to 72 hours;[4] symptoms include nausea, vomiting, photophobia (increased sensitivity to light), and phonophobia (increased sensitivity to sound).优德线上娱乐在线网站 Migraines often increase sensitivity to light and sound.

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Headache lasting 4-72 hours, characterized by at least one of the following: .

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Sensitivity to light and/or sounds .
  • Migraine << Frequently Asked Questions << womenshealth.gov 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.womenshealth.gov [Source type: General]
  • Migraine Headaches | Migraine Headache Relief | Migraine Treatment | Migraine Clinic | Drugs | MigraineHeadaches | 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraineheadaches.org [Source type: General]

[5][6][7] .Approximately one-third of people who suffer migraine headache perceive an aura—unusual visual, olfactory, or other sensory experiences that are a sign that the migraine will soon occur.优德线上娱乐手机软件 I have been suffering from migraine headaches for over 20 years.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Regardless of whether one experiences migraine with aura, or common migraine (migraine without aura), the headaches are similar.

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Many migraine sufferers have a close relative who also suffers from the headaches.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.Initial treatment is with analgesics for the headache, an antiemetic for the nausea, and the avoidance of triggering conditions.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 A "stepped care" approach to management of acute migraine involves initial nonpharmacological methods followed by antiemetics and simple analgesics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Migraine Treatment information : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. natural migraine remedy supplements 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 The patient should report any other conditions that might be associated with headache, including but not limited the following: Any chronic or recent illness and their treatments.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Treatment with feverfew produced a 24% reduction in the number of migraines and a significant decrease in nausea and vomiting during the headaches.

.The cause of migraine headache is unknown; the most common theory is a disorder of the serotonergic control system.w88优德线上娱乐 Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches.
  • migraine-remedy.com - Remedies for Migraine Headaches. Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraine-remedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Migraine - a common and distressing disorder .

优德线上娱乐iosapp Hyperacusis is common in migraine, which may differentiate it from most ear disorders.
  • American Hearing Research Foundation (AHRF) Migraine Associated Vertigo 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.american-hearing.org [Source type: Academic]

.There are migraine headache variants, some originate in the brainstem (featuring intercellular transport dysfunction of calcium and potassium ions) and some are genetically disposed.优德线上娱乐平台首页 Migraine Headache Variants - Types of Migraine There are many types of migraine.
  • Migraine Treatment information : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. natural migraine remedy supplements 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 There are numerous defined variants of migraine .

优德线上娱乐在线网站 There are various triggers to migraines.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .Studies of twins indicate a 60 to 65 percent genetic influence upon their propensity to develop migraine headache.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Studies on twins show that genes have a 60 to 65% influence on the development of migraine (PMID 10496258 and PMID 10204850 ).

优德线上娱乐在线 In June 2005, an NHF-sponsored study indicated that 40 percent of migraine sufferers--nearly 12 million people--could benefit from preventive therapies, yet only 1 in 5 people with migraine were using these medications.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.agingeye.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Migraine headaches also tend to run in families, and there is a definite genetic predisposition (Kasper DL et al 2005).
  • Migraine: Online References For Health Concerns 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

[10][11] .Moreover, fluctuating hormone levels indicate a migraine relation: 75 percent of adult patients are women, although migraine affects approximately equal numbers of prepubescent boys and girls; propensity to migraine headache is known to disappear during pregnancy, although in some women migraines may become more frequent during pregnancy.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Some women have migraines just before, during, or just after menstrual periods.
  • Migraines: Headaches: Merck Manual Home Edition 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 These headaches, which are called menstrual migraines , may be related to hormonal changes and often do not occur during pregnancy.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 More women suffer from migraine.
  • migraine-remedy.com - Remedies for Migraine Headaches. Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraine-remedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
Rodents can be grown that suffer from the condition.[13]

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Classificationw88优德线上娱乐网址

.The International Headache Society (IHS) offers guidelines for the classification and diagnosis of migraine headaches, in a document called "The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition" (ICHD-2).优德线上娱乐场 As a result, the International Headache Society completed an updated classification of headaches [5].
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Primary Headache Disorders, including Migraine .
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 The International Headache Society classifies a headache as a migraine when: .

[14]
According to ICHD-2, there are seven subclasses of migraines (some of which include further subdivisions):
.
  • Migraine without aura, or common migraine, involves migraine headaches that are not accompanied by an aura (visual disturbance, see below).
  • Migraine with aura usually involves migraine headaches accompanied by an aura.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Regardless of whether one experiences migraine with aura, or common migraine (migraine without aura), the headaches are similar.

    优德线上娱乐地址在线 Late-life migrainous accompaniments are characterized by attacks of aura without headache, beginning in late life.

    优德线上娱乐地址官网 Headache with the features of "migraine without aura" usually follows the aura symptoms.

    .Less commonly, an aura can occur without a headache, or with a non-migraine headache.优德线上娱乐 Migraines without Auras (Common Migraine) .
    • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

    优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Migraine without aura (common migraine) .

    优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Headache with the features of "migraine without aura" usually follows the aura symptoms.

    .Two other varieties are Familial hemiplegic migraine and Sporadic hemiplegic migraine, in which a patient has migraines with aura and with accompanying motor weakness.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) .

    优德线上娱乐线路检测 Sporadic hemiplegic migraine .

    优德线上娱乐首页地址 This occurs in patients with a history of migraine with aura.
    • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    If a close relative has had the same condition, it is called "familial", otherwise it is called "sporadic". Another variety is basilar-type migraine, where a headache and aura are accompanied by difficulty speaking, vertigo, ringing in ears, or a number of other brainstem-related symptoms, but not motor weakness.
  • Childhood periodic syndromes that are commonly precursors of migraine include cyclical vomiting (occasional intense periods of vomiting), abdominal migraine (abdominal pain, usually accompanied by nausea), and benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (occasional attacks of vertigo).
  • Retinal migraine involves migraine headaches accompanied by visual disturbances or even blindness in one eye.
  • Complications of migraine describe migraine headaches and/or auras that are unusually long or unusually frequent, or associated with a seizure or brain lesion.
  • Probable migraine describes conditions that have some characteristics of migraines but where there is not enough evidence to diagnose it as a migraine with certainty.

Diagnosisw88优德线上娱乐

.Migraines are underdiagnosed[15] and misdiagnosed.优德线上娱乐首页地址 Migraines are severely underdiagnosed and are often misdiagnosed as tension or sinus headaches.
  • Medifocus Guidebook on Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraine-guidebook.com [Source type: Academic]

[16] The diagnosis of migraine without aura, according to the International Headache Society, can be made according to the following criteria, the "5, 4, 3, 2, 1 criteria":
  • 5 or more attacks
  • 4 hours to 3 days in duration
  • 2 or more of - unilateral location, pulsating quality, moderate to severe pain, aggravation by or avoidance of routine physical activity
  • 1 or more accompanying symptoms - nausea and/or vomiting, photophobia, phonophobia
.For migraine with aura, only two attacks are required to justify the diagnosis.优德线上娱乐 For migraine with aura, only two attacks are required to justify the diagnosis.

优德线上娱乐地址地址 You may be a candidate for preventive therapy if you have two or more debilitating attacks a month, if pain-relieving medications aren't helping, or if your migraine signs and symptoms include a prolonged aura or numbness and weakness.

w88优德线上娱乐 Aura accompanies migraine attacks for about 20 30% of migraineurs.

The mnemonic POUNDing (优德线上娱乐平台首页ulsating, duration of 4–72 h优德线上娱乐官网官网urs, w88优德线上娱乐网址nilateral, 优德线上娱乐app官方ausea, 优德线上娱乐网址二维码isabling) can help diagnose migraine. If 4 of the 5 criteria are met, then the positive likelihood ratio for diagnosing migraine is 24.[17]
The presence of either disability, nausea or sensitivity, can diagnose migraine with:[18]
.Migraine should be differentiated from other causes of headaches such as cluster headaches.优德线上娱乐app官方 Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches.
  • migraine-remedy.com - Remedies for Migraine Headaches. Symptoms, cause and cure for Migraine Headaches. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraine-remedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 A deficiency in magnesium can cause regular headaches, cluster headaches, and migraines .
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Q: Is this a new theory for the cause of migraine headaches?
  • Migraine Elimination Centers - Chicago Holistic Migraine Relief.. Florida Holistic Migraine Relief 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.migraineeliminationcenters.com [Source type: General]

.These are extremely painful, unilateral headaches of a piercing quality.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Carotidynia , also called lower-half headache or facial migraine, produces deep, dull, aching, and sometimes piercing pain in the jaw or neck.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Pain killers kill the pain but why do I get these headaches?

优德线上娱乐彩金 Anticonvulsants may relieve some of the symptoms, while anesthetics and corticosteroid drugs can treat some of the severe pain felt during these headaches.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The duration of the common attack is 15 minutes to three hours.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Aura symptoms typically start between 15 minutes and 1 hour before the headache begins.
  • Patient information leaflet - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cks.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 The attack starts rapidly and builds to a peak in 10 or 15 minutes.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Most individuals have attacks of increased pain three to five times per 24-hour cycle.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Onset of an attack is rapid, and most often without the preliminary signs that are characteristic of a migraine.优德线上娱乐网站注册 The two forms seen most often are migraine with aura and migraine without aura.
  • Migraine << Frequently Asked Questions << womenshealth.gov 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.womenshealth.gov [Source type: General]
  • Migraine Headaches | Migraine Headache Relief | Migraine Treatment | Migraine Clinic | Drugs | MigraineHeadaches | 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraineheadaches.org [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Migraine auras (or 'focal cerebral disturbances') can affect all the senses, not just the eyes, but often the visual aura is the most obvious one.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐iosapp Most likely, several factors are involved, and more than one stimulus can light the fuse that leads to a full-blown migraine attack.

[citation needed]

Signs and symptoms优德线上娱乐

.The signs and symptoms of migraine vary among patients.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Signs and Symptoms The signs and symptoms of migraine vary among patients.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Patients have variations in the way migraine affects them.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 Tests are usually not needed if you have typical signs and symptoms of migraines.

.Therefore, what a patient experiences before, during and after an attack cannot be defined exactly.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Some migraine sufferers also experience an aura, with sensations of flashing lights, numbness and tingling, or altered vision before or during onset of the severe head pain.

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Researchers have also noted a drop in magnesium levels before or during a migraine attack.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐场 The discoveries came because of new imaging device s that allow scientist s to actually watch patient s' brains during a migraine attack .
  • Migraine@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The four phases of a migraine attack listed below are common but not necessarily experienced by all migraine sufferers.w88优德线上娱乐 Migraine is divided into four phases, all of which may be present during the attack: .
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 The migraine attack can be divided into four phases: .

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Some of the most common are listed below.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

Additionally, the phases experienced and the symptoms experienced during them can vary from one migraine attack to another in the same migraineur:
  1. The prodrome, which occurs hours or days before the headache.
  2. The aura, which immediately precedes the headache.
  3. The pain phase, also known as headache phase.
  4. The postdrome.

Prodrome phase优德线上娱乐网站注册

.Prodromal symptoms occur in 40–60% of migraineurs (migraine sufferers).优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Prodrome phase Prodromal symptoms occur in 40% to 60% of migraineurs.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Most migraine sufferers, however, rely on drugs that attempt either to abort a migraine once symptoms become apparent or to reduce the pain of an existing headache.
  • Migraine: Online References For Health Concerns 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 In a preliminary trial, 40% of migraine sufferers were found to have H. pylori infection.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Migraine Headaches | Iceland Health 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.icelandhealth.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.puritan.com [Source type: Academic]

.This phase may consist of altered mood, irritability, depression or euphoria, fatigue, yawning, excessive sleepiness, craving for certain food (e.g.优德线上娱乐iosapp This phase may consist of altered mood, irritability, depression or euphoria, fatigue, yawning, excessive sleepiness, craving for certain food (e.g., chocolate), stiff muscles (especially in the neck), constipation or diarrhea, increased urination, and other vegetative symptoms.

优德线上娱乐手机软件 The prodrome phase may take place anywhere from a few hours to days before onset of a headache, with symptoms that can include mood changes, fatigue, and craving for certain foods that may themselves be migraine triggers and unexpectedly may lead to constipation problems.

优德线上娱乐地址在线 The most common prodromes are: changes in mood (irritability, euphoria, and a desire to withdraw), fatigue, yawning and neck stiffness.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.chocolate), stiff muscles (especially in the neck), constipation or diarrhea, increased urination, and other visceral symptoms.优德线上娱乐彩金 Other symptoms include nausea and stiffness or pain in the neck.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐彩金 This phase may consist of altered mood, irritability, depression or euphoria, fatigue, yawning, excessive sleepiness, craving for certain food (e.g., chocolate), stiff muscles (especially in the neck), constipation or diarrhea, increased urination, and other vegetative symptoms.

优德线上娱乐场 She had many symptoms -- including palpitations, severe constipation, anxiety, insomnia, muscle cramps, and menstrual cramps -- in addition to her migraines.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

[19] .These symptoms usually precede the headache phase of the migraine attack by several hours or days, and experience teaches the patient or observant family how to detect that a migraine attack is near.优德线上娱乐app官方 Headache with the features of "migraine without aura" usually follows the aura symptoms.

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Independent migraine attacks occurred in 9% of the patients.

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 The headache lasts from several hours to several days (or even weeks) .

Aura phase优德线上娱乐网站注册

.For the 20–30%[20][21] of migraine sufferers who experience migraine with aura, this aura comprises focal neurological phenomena that precede or accompany the attack.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 I have been suffering from migraine headaches for over 20 years.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐场 Aura accompanies migraine attacks for about 20 30% of migraineurs.

优德线上娱乐场 Aura phase For the 20-30% of migraineurs who suffer migraine with aura, this aura comprises focal neurological phenomena that precede or accompany the attack.

.They appear gradually over 5 to 20 minutes and generally last fewer than 60 minutes.优德线上娱乐线路登录 Each symptom lasts from 5-60 minutes.

优德线上娱乐彩金 They appear gradually over 5 to 20 minutes and generally last less than 60 minutes.

优德线上娱乐在线 It usually develops over 5-20 minutes and lasts less than 60 minutes.
  • Migraine Headache: eMedicine Neurology 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.The headache phase of the migraine attack usually begins within 60 minutes of the end of the aura phase, but it is sometimes delayed up to several hours, and it can be missing entirely.优德线上娱乐网站注册 Late-life migrainous accompaniments are characterized by attacks of aura without headache, beginning in late life.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Headache with the features of "migraine without aura" usually follows the aura symptoms.

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Migraine auras usually last 5 to 60 min.

.Symptoms of migraine aura can be visual, sensory, or motor in nature.优德线上娱乐场 The aura can be visual, sensory, motor, or any combination of these.
  • Migraine Headache: eMedicine Neurology 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Ordinary migraine (without aura) symptoms .
  • Migraine Home Remedies - Migraine Treatment - Natural Remedies & Cure for Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线 Symptoms of migraine aura can be visual, sensory, or motor in nature.

[22]
.Visual aura is the most common of the neurological events.优德线上娱乐平台首页 Visual aura is the most common of the neurological events.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 The most common aura is the visual aura.

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Migraine auras (or 'focal cerebral disturbances') can affect all the senses, not just the eyes, but often the visual aura is the most obvious one.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a disturbance of vision consisting usually of unformed flashes of white and/or black or rarely of multicolored lights (photopsia) or formations of dazzling zigzag lines (scintillating scotoma; often arranged like the battlements of a castle, hence the alternative terms "fortification spectra" or "teichopsia"[23]).优德线上娱乐在线 It migrates across the visual field with a scintillating edge of zigzag or flashing lights that are often black and white.

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 The black spot may be surrounded by lights with zigzag lines.
  • Migraine Studies - Clinical Applications of Natural Medicine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.quantumhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Most auras are visual and are described as bright shimmering lights around objects or at the edges of the field of vision (called scintillating scotomas) or zigzag lines, wavy images, or hallucinations.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some patients complain of blurred or shimmering or cloudy vision, as though they were looking through thick or smoked glass, or, in some cases, tunnel vision and hemianopsia.w88优德线上娱乐 The patient may complain of visual blurring or vision loss.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Some patients complain of blurred or shimmering or cloudy vision, as though they were look­ing through thick or smoked glass, or, in some cases, tunnel vision and hemianopsia.

优德线上娱乐首页地址 A temporary blind spot Blurred vision Eye pain Seeing stars or zigzag lines Tunnel vision Not every person with migraines has an aura.

.The somatosensory aura of migraine consists of digitolingual or cheiro-oral paresthesias, a feeling of pins-and-needles experienced in the hand and arm as well as in the nose-mouth area on the same side.优德线上娱乐平台首页 It can be on the same or opposite side to the aura.

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 The somatosensory aura of migraine consists of digitolingual or cheiro-oral paresthesias, a feeling of pins-and-needles experienced in the hand and arm as well as in the ipsilateral nose-mouth area.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 There are also sensory auras -- they often move from hand to arm to face and ipsilateral tongue.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.Paresthesia migrate up the arm and then extend to involve the face, lips and tongue.优德线上娱乐彩金 Paresthesia migrate up the arm and then extend to involve the face, lips and tongue.

优德线上娱乐app官方 There are also sensory auras -- they often move from hand to arm to face and ipsilateral tongue.

优德线上娱乐在线 The most common form is called “cheiro-oral” which is generally defined by numbness starting in the hand which then migrates to the arm before ‘jumping’ to the face, lips, and tongue.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

.Other symptoms of the aura phase can include auditory or olfactory hallucinations, temporary dysphasia, vertigo, tingling or numbness of the face and extremities, and hypersensitivity to touch.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Other symptoms of the aura phase can include auditory or olfactory hallucinations, aphasia, vertigo, tingling or numbness of the face and extremities, and hypersensitivity to touch.

优德线上娱乐在线 Other symptoms that may be experienced include .

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Other auras that may occur include: loss of part of the visual field (such as not being able to see to the right), numbness or tingling over one side of the face and arm, vertigo, weakness on one side of the body, or trouble speaking if the headache is on the opposite side of the dominant hand.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pain phase优德线上娱乐官网官网

.The typical migraine headache is unilateral, throbbing, and moderate to severe and can be aggravated by physical activity.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Pain phase The typical migraine headache is unilateral, throbbing, moderate to severe and can be aggravated by physical activity.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 The typical headache is one sided, throbbing in nature, and of moderate to marked severity.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Headache severity ranges from moderate to marked and is aggravated by head movement or physical activity.

.Not all these features are necessary.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Not all of these features are necessary.

.The pain may be bilateral at the onset or start on one side and become generalized, and usually it alternates sides from one attack to the next.优德线上娱乐彩金 The site of the pain varies and it may shift from one side to the other.
  • Migraine headaches Herbal Home Remdies,Natural Cure 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.divineremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Pain is usually one sided .

w88优德线上娱乐网址 The pain may be bilateral at the onset or start on one side and become generalized, and usually alternates sides from one attack to the next.

.The onset is usually gradual.优德线上娱乐场 The onset is usually gradual.

优德线上娱乐场 The onset is usually gradual, and the attack usually lasts 4 to 72 hours in adults and 2 to 48 hours in children.

.The pain peaks and then subsides and usually lasts 4 to 72 hours in adults and 1 to 48 hours in children.w88优德线上娱乐网址 If untreated, attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 The onset is usually gradual, and the attack usually lasts 4 to 72 hours in adults and 2 to 48 hours in children.

优德线上娱乐iosapp The pain peaks and then subsides, and usually lasts between 4 and 72 hours in adults and 1 and 48 hours in children.

.The frequency of attacks is extremely variable, from a few in a lifetime to several a week, and the average migraineur experiences one to three headaches a month.优德线上娱乐手机软件 This one I have now has been three weeks.

优德线上娱乐地址在线 I went from 3 severe migraines a week to 3 so-so ones a month!

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 The frequency of migraine attacks may vary; some may experience several in a month, while others have only a few in their lifetime.
  • Headaches Migraine Relief, Natural Migraine Treatment | Cure Migraines | Alternative, Herbal Remedies 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The head pain varies greatly in intensity.w88优德线上娱乐 The head pain varies greatly in intensity.

.The pain of migraine is invariably accompanied by other features.优德线上娱乐地址官网 To make a diagnosis of migraine, the pain must be accompanied by other features.

优德线上娱乐平台首页 It is suggested that this reduction of blood flow results in the visual and other symptoms that accompany a migraine.
  • Migraine Studies - Clinical Applications of Natural Medicine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.quantumhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 In these cases, further evaluation is usually performed to ensure no other cause since migraines usually have pain with their onset.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nausea occurs in almost 90 percent of patients, and vomiting occurs in about one third of patients.优德线上娱乐线路检测 Nausea occurs in up to 90% of patients, and vomiting occurs in approximately one-third of migraineurs.

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Nausea occurs in almost 90 percent of patients, while vomiting occurs in about one third of patients.

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Headache pain usually occurs in the forehead or temples, often on one side only and typically accompanied by nausea and a preference for a darkened room.

.Many patients experience sensory hyperexcitability manifested by photophobia, phonophobia, and osmophobia and seek a dark and quiet room.优德线上娱乐iosapp Many patients experience sensory hyperexcitability, manifested by photophobia, phonophobia, and osmophobia, and seek a dark, quiet room.

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Many patients experience sensory hyperexcitability manifested by photophobia, phonophobia, osmophobia and seek a dark and quiet room.

w88优德线上娱乐网址 During a migraine, people often prefer to rest or sleep alone in a dark, quiet room .
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Blurred vision, nasal stuffiness, diarrhea, polyuria, pallor, or sweating may be noted during the headache phase.优德线上娱乐 Blurred vision, nasal stuffiness, diarrhea, polyuria, pallor or sweating may be noted during the headache phase.

优德线上娱乐场 They started out as just an ocular disturbance (flashing lights, blurred vision) then later I started having severe throbbing headaches right after the vision problems would start.
  • The Voices of Migraine - Well Blog - NYTimes.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC well.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 The headache stage is often accompanied by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, blurred vision, tenderness of the scalp or neck, lightheadedness, sweating, and pallor (Silberstein SD et al 2003; Silberstein SD 1995a).
  • Migraine: Online References For Health Concerns 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

.There may be localized edema of the scalp or face, scalp tenderness, prominence of a vein or artery in the temple, or stiffness and tenderness of the neck.优德线上娱乐首页地址 There is usually tenderness and swelling over the carotid artery in the neck.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Tenderness of the muscles of the scalp and neck is common.

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Other possible causes include glaucoma; inflammation of the eyes or mucosa of the nasal or paranasal sinuses; diseases of the scalp, teeth, extracranial arteries, or external or middle ear; and muscle spasms of the face, neck, or shoulders.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Impairment of concentration and mood are common.优德线上娱乐线路检测 Impairment of concentration and mood are common.

.The extremities tend to feel cold and moist.优德线上娱乐iosapp The extremities tend to be cold and moist.

.Vertigo may be experienced; a variation of the typical migraine, called vestibular migraine, has also been described.优德线上娱乐手机软件 These headaches, which are called menstrual migraines , may be related to hormonal changes and often do not occur during pregnancy.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 Researchers have examined whether a gene variant may affect the link between migraine and stroke or heart attacks.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Migraine Headache The Hormonal Power of Migraine Headaches Migraine headache pain, for some sufferers, may be tied to variations in hormones, ranging from menstrual cycles to food intolerances.
  • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Lightheadedness, rather than true vertigo,[citation needed] and a feeling of faintness may occur.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Lightheadedness, rather than true vertigo and a feeling of faintness may occur.

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Migraines occur more often in women than men, and may run in families.

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Some people with this form may experience vision problems and vertigo (a feeling that the world is spinning).
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Postdrome phase优德线上娱乐地址官网

.The patient may feel tired or "hungover" and have head pain, cognitive difficulties, gastrointestinal symptoms, mood changes, and weakness.优德线上娱乐首页地址 Feeling pain on one area of the head .
  • Migraine Home Remedies - Migraine Treatment - Natural Remedies & Cure for Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 The person often feels weak and tired and may have a mild headache.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Introduction Checklist Symptoms Treatments Dietary changes Lifestyle changes Supplements Herbs Holistic options References Migraines are very painful headaches that usually begin on only one side of the head and may become worse with exposure to light.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.puritan.com [Source type: Academic]

[24] .Some people feel unusually refreshed or euphoric after an attack, whereas others note depression and malaise.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Some people feel unusually refreshed or euphoric after an attack, whereas others note depression and malaise.

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Seems like some people are more sensitive than others to some certain items in food.
  • Migraine video compilations | migraine Videos 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migrainessymptoms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Some people with this form may experience vision problems and vertigo (a feeling that the world is spinning).
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Often, some of the minor headache phase symptoms may continue, such as loss of appetite, photophobia, and lightheadedness.优德线上娱乐彩金 A common cold may have a headache as a symptom.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Often, some of the minor headache phase symptoms may continue, such as loss of appetite, photophobia, and lightheadedness.

优德线上娱乐平台首页 The headache stage is often accompanied by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, blurred vision, tenderness of the scalp or neck, lightheadedness, sweating, and pallor (Silberstein SD et al 2003; Silberstein SD 1995a).
  • Migraine: Online References For Health Concerns 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

.For some patients, a 5- to 6-hour nap may reduce the pain, but slight headaches may still occur when the patient stands or sits quickly.优德线上娱乐首页地址 The aura may occur without headache pain, which can strike at any time.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Migraine-like headache pain may occur during or after a seizure.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 The pain may get worse as the headache progresses.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These symptoms may go away after a good night's rest, although there is no guarantee.优德线上娱乐在线网站 There are no aura or prodrome symptoms.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 These may include nausea, vomiting, aversion to bright lights (photophobia), aversion to loud sounds (phonophobia), aversion to strong odors (osmophobia), and any number of other symptoms.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 People who suffer tension-type headaches may also feel overly sensitive to light and sound but there is no pre-headache aura as with migraine.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some people may suffer and recover differently than others.优德线上娱乐在线 People respond to natural medicine in different ways, some of our satisfied customers experience immediate results while many others have reported optimal benefits taking effect within 3-6 weeks.
  • MiGone Plus. Relief from Migraine Headaches - Natural Migraine Headache Treatments 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.enaturalremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 In 2005, research was published indicating that in some people with a patent foramen ovale (PFO), a hole between the upper chambers of the heart, suffer from migraines which may have been caused by the PFO. The migraines end instantly if the hole is patched.

优德线上娱乐地址地址 People who suffer tension-type headaches may also feel overly sensitive to light and sound but there is no pre-headache aura as with migraine.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Triggers优德线上娱乐app官方

.A migraine trigger is any factor that, on exposure or withdrawal, leads to the development of an acute migraine headache.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Triggers A migraine trigger is any factor that, on exposure or withdrawal, leads to the development of an acute migraine headache.

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Certain factors are known to trigger migraines.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 David Buchholz, a neurologist who treats headaches at Johns Hopkins Hospital, has a longer list of suspected migraine triggers.

.Triggers may be categorized as behavioral, environmental, infectious, dietary, chemical, or hormonal.优德线上娱乐首页地址 Triggers may be categorized as behavioral, environmental, infectious, dietary, chemical, or hormonal.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Preventative treatment consists of: medication, dietary restrictions, identification and avoidance of triggers, and behavior modification.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Preliminary studies also suggest that magnesium may be helpful for migraines triggered by hormonal changes occurring with the menstrual cycle.

In the medical literature, these factors are known as 'precipitants.'
The MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, for example, offers the following list of migraine triggers:
Migraine attacks may be triggered by:

MedlinePlus medical encyclopedia[25]

.Sometimes the migraine occurs with no apparent "cause". The trigger theory supposes that exposure to various environmental factors precipitates, or triggers, individual migraine episodes.优德线上娱乐iosapp Researchers have determined that there can be various causes and triggers to migraines.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 The trigger theory supposes that exposure to various environmental factors precipitates, or triggers, individual migraine episodes.

优德线上娱乐iosapp There are various triggers to migraines.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Migraine patients have long been advised to try to identify personal headache triggers by looking for associations between their headaches and various suspected trigger factors and keeping a "headache diary" recording migraine incidents and diet to look for correlations in order to avoid trigger foods.优德线上娱乐安卓在线 Correlation between essential tremor and migraine headache.
  • Migraine Comorbidity - Migraine Comorbidity - 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.headachecare.net [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Avoid trigger factors: Reduction of stress Avoid certain foods ( see diet section ).

优德线上娱乐地址地址 More than 100 foods have the capacity to trigger migraine headache.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.It must be mentioned, that some trigger factors are quantitative in nature, e.g., a small block of dark chocolate may not cause a migraine, but half a slab of dark chocolate almost definitely will, in a susceptible person.优德线上娱乐首页地址 Migraine attacks may be triggered by: .

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Oversleep may also trigger migraine.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 MSG (monosodium glutamate) may also cause migraines in some people.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, being exposed to more than one trigger factor simultaneously will more likely cause a migraine, than a single trigger factor in isolation, e.g., drinking and eating various known dietary trigger factors on a hot, humid day, when feeling stressed and having had little sleep will probably result in a migraine in a susceptible person, but consuming a single trigger factor on a cool day, after a good night's rest with minimal environmental stress may mean that the sufferer will not develop a migraine after all.w88优德线上娱乐 She is one of more than an estimate 36 million Americans with Migraine .
  • Migraine Blog 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraineblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Migraine attacks may be triggered by: .

优德线上娱乐iosapp Children who get migraine may suffer attacks more frequently than adults.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Migraines can be complex to avoid, but keeping an accurate migraine diary and making suitable lifestyle changes can have a very positive effect on the sufferer's quality of life.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Maintain a diary to keep a daily record of migraine triggers and avoid them.
  • Headaches Migraine Relief, Natural Migraine Treatment | Cure Migraines | Alternative, Herbal Remedies 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 In fact migraine sufferers increase their risks to serious side effects such as strokes, which can be life-altering - or worse, life-threatening.
  • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐app官方 The right medicines combined with self-help remedies and lifestyle changes may make a tremendous difference.

.Some trigger factors are virtually impossible to avoid, e.g.优德线上娱乐场 Avoid trigger factors: Reduction of stress Avoid certain foods ( see diet section ).

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 It is virtually impossible, for example, to avoid the excitement of longed-for events such as children's birthday parties, holidays or Christmas.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线 Avoid trigger factors: Reduction of stress Avoid certain foods (see diet section).
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

the weather or emotions, but by limiting the avoidable trigger factors, the unavoidable ones may have less of an impact on the sufferer.

Food优德线上娱乐网址二维码

.Many migraine sufferers report reduced incidence of migraines due to identifying and avoiding their individual food triggers.优德线上娱乐 Not every migraine sufferer will have food triggers.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Migraines can be triggered by allergies and may be relieved by identifying and avoiding the problem foods.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.puritan.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 For many individuals, Migraine s are triggered by certain foods.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.However, more studies are needed.优德线上娱乐首页地址 More study is needed.

优德线上娱乐 However, more research is needed.
  • Migraine headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Large comparative studies are still needed to determine if the newer triptans are significantly more effective than sumatriptan.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.优德线上娱乐线路登录 One food elimination that has proven to reduce or eliminate migraines in a percentage of patients is gluten.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Ellen Grant, a neurologist in London, observed that when she took patients off foods that triggered migraines their blood pressure went down.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Hemiplegic migraine : Patients with hemiplegic migraine have temporary paralysis on one side of the body, a condition known as hemiplegia.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 In a study of 60 patients, candesartan was reported to reduce days with migraine, migraine severity and disability level (Tronvik et al, 2003).
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.For those with (often undiagnosed) celiac disease or other forms of gluten sensitivity, migraines may be a symptom of gluten intolerance.优德线上娱乐 Migraines are often symptoms of other health issues.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 The posterior electrographic localization may not pertain to other forms of migraine.

优德线上娱乐地址在线 For those who experience migraines , certain factors may bring on an attack, such as stress, lack of sleep, weather and hormones.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.One study found that migraine sufferers were ten times more likely than the general population to have celiac disease, and that a gluten-free diet eliminated or reduced migraines in these patients.优德线上娱乐线路登录 Epidemiologic study of migraine in epileptic patients.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 She is one of more than an estimate 36 million Americans with Migraine .
  • Migraine Blog 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraineblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 The migrainous patient: A constitutional study.
  • Migraine Comorbidity - Migraine Comorbidity - 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.headachecare.net [Source type: Academic]

[26] .Another study of 10 patients with a long history of chronic headaches that had recently worsened or were resistant to treatment found that all 10 patients were sensitive to gluten.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Classical homeopathic treatment of chronic headaches.
  • Migraine headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 For patients with worsening headache.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 It was found that headache and migraine sufferers experienced significantly more relief from acupuncture than patients who were administered "sham" acupuncture.
  • Acupuncture Treats Headaches and Migraines 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.acufinder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.MRI scans determined that each had inflammation in their central nervous systems caused by gluten-sensitivity.w88优德线上娱乐 Central nervous system .

优德线上娱乐app官方 Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system promoting wakefulness by competing for adenosine receptors.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Chronic analgesic overdose appears to deplete serotonin in the central nervous system, and there is also evidence that it results in damage to receptor sites.

.Seven out of nine of these patients that went on a gluten-free diet stopped having headaches completely.优德线上娱乐场 Rather than cutting these out of my diet, Jim's treatment allowed me to continue eating them.
  • Migraine Elimination Centers - Chicago Holistic Migraine Relief.. Florida Holistic Migraine Relief 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.migraineeliminationcenters.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 These signs and symptoms include headache, nuchal rigidity, fever, and a change in the patient's LOC. Meningitis.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 The patient usually has the option of stopping abruptly or gradually and should expect the following course: Most headache drugs can be stopped abruptly but the patient should be sure to check with the physician before withdrawal.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[27]
.w88优德线上娱乐网址 While some people believe that aspartame triggers migraines, and anecdotal evidence is present, this has not been medically proven.优德线上娱乐平台首页 Artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame,  trigger headaches in some people.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 People with migraines that are not triggered by light.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Some people with frequent and severe migraine need preventive medications.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]
优德线上娱乐地址安卓 MSG is frequently reported as a dietary trigger (12%).[29] .In a placebo-controlled trial, monosodium glutamate (MSG) in large doses (2.5 grams) taken on an empty stomach was associated with adverse symptoms including headache more often than was placebo.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Others include food additives such as aspartame (Nutrasweet**), monosodium glutamate (MSG), nitrates and nitrites used to preserve meats.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 The causes: A processed food diet including aspartame, MSG (monosodium glutamate), nitrates (in deli meats), sulfites (found in wine, dried fruit, and food from salad bars) is to blame.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Classic migraine denotes the syndrome of headache associated with characteristic premonitory sensory, motor, or visual symptoms.
  • Migraine headaches Herbal Home Remdies,Natural Cure 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.divineremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30][31] .However another trial found no effect when 3.5g of MSG was given with food.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Another small double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found benefit with CoQ 10 (100 mg 3x daily).

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 I've tried the wheat gluten allergy elimination, probiotics, colon therapy and a another food allergy elimination diet, all with no effect on my migraines.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Published last year, that study, known as the MIST trial, found no benefit for the treatment.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.优德线上娱乐iosapp The National Headache Foundation has a specific list of triggers based on the tyramine theory, detailing allowed, with caution and avoid triggers.优德线上娱乐网站注册 National Headache Foundation - www.headaches.org .

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 National Headache Foundation ( www.headaches.org ) 5.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 If you are a very strict follower of the the low-tyramine diet from the National Headache Foundation or David Buchholz’ Heal Your Headache , then substitute poached salmon.

[33] .However, a 2003 review article concluded that there was no scientific evidence for an effect of tyramine on migraine.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 However, there is no head pain.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 There were no side effects.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐 There are no blood tests or imaging techniques that can be used to diagnose migraine headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[34]
.优德线上娱乐手机软件 A 2005 literature review found that the available information about dietary trigger factors relies mostly on the subjective assessments of patients.优德线上娱乐地址官网 A Swedish study, published in the Environmental Science and Technology Review , found that chemicals from computer screens can cause allergies and other problems, including headaches.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Gronseth GS, Greenberg MK. The utility of the electroencephalogram in the evaluation of patients presenting with headache: a review of the literature.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Further relevant information on causes of Migraine may be found in: Risk factors for Migraine Medications that may cause Migraine Genetics of Migraine Hidden causes of Migraine Causes of Migraine: Online Medical Books .
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[28] .Some suspected dietary trigger factors appear to genuinely promote or precipitate migraine episodes, but many other suspected dietary triggers have never been demonstrated to trigger migraines.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Some migraines appear to be triggered by certain foods.

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Studies have demonstrated some effectiveness from biofeedback for migraine headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Nutritional Supplements There are many vitamins and other essential nutrients which can have an effect on the complex hormonal processes that cause migraines.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The review authors found that alcohol, caffeine withdrawal, and missing meals are the most important dietary migraine precipitants, that dehydration deserved more attention, and that some patients report sensitivity to red wine.优德线上娱乐场 Red wine is the most likely and vodka is the least likely alcoholic beverage to cause a migraine.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线 Most likely, several factors are involved, and more than one stimulus can light the fuse that leads to a full-blown migraine attack.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 It was found that headache and migraine sufferers experienced significantly more relief from acupuncture than patients who were administered "sham" acupuncture.
  • Acupuncture Treats Headaches and Migraines 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.acufinder.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Little or no evidence associated notorious suspected triggers like chocolate, cheese, histamine, tyramine, nitrates, or nitrites with migraines.优德线上娱乐彩金 What is likely triggering my migraines?

优德线上娱乐地址地址 They are most likely migraine triggers.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Tyramine-containing foods like chocolate and cheese are also triggers.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

.However, the review authors also note that while general dietary restriction has not been demonstrated to be an effective migraine therapy, it is beneficial for the individual to avoid what has been a definite cause of the migraine.w88优德线上娱乐 When people with migraine headaches first consult a physician, they are generally advised to identify such triggers, and avoid them if possible.

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 However, while they are dramatically effective for the majority of people with migraines, a substantial minority do not respond, for reasons that are unclear.

w88优德线上娱乐网址 I generally make few restrictions on such triggers but remind patients that specific triggers like hot dogs, chocolate and cheeses can trigger migraine but often don’t do so in all patients.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Weather优德线上娱乐

.Several studies have found some migraines are triggered by changes in weather.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Migraines can be set off by a variety of triggers, including fatigue, stress, hormonal changes, and foods such as alcoholic beverages, chocolate, peanuts, and avocados.

优德线上娱乐场 Tags: migraine triggers , migraines , Pollution and Migraines , Weather and Migraines Posted in News .
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Posted On May 14, 2008 07:03:26 AM ...ge and some lunch meat), certain wines, caffeine avoidance, and certain medications will trigger a migraine in me.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.One study noted 62% of the subjects thought weather was a factor but only 51% were sensitive to weather changes.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Migraineurs appear to inherit a more “sensitive” nervous system, that is, one that is prone to react and overreact to changes in the internal or external environment.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Weather — especially changes in air pressure — is frequently cited as a headache trigger but it had not previously been shown in such a large, well-designed study.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐 For example, a combination of weather changes and fatigue can make headaches more likely than the presence of just one of these events.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[35] .Among those whose migraines did occur during a change in weather, the subjects often picked a weather change other than the actual weather data recorded.优德线上娱乐地址官网 For those who experience migraines , certain factors may bring on an attack, such as stress, lack of sleep, weather and hormones.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Hormonal changes in women on account of menstrual cycles, or during pregnancy Symptoms Migraines are often accompanied by symptoms like nausea, vomiting, disturbed sleep, depression and sensitivity to light, sound and smell.
  • Headaches Migraine Relief, Natural Migraine Treatment | Cure Migraines | Alternative, Herbal Remedies 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Migraines occur more often in women than men, and may run in families.

Most likely to trigger a migraine were, in order:
  1. Temperature mixed with humidity. High humidity plus high or low temperature was the biggest cause.
  2. Significant changes in weather
  3. Changes in barometric pressure
.Another study examined the effects of warm chinook winds on migraines, with many patients reporting increased incidence of migraines immediately before and/or during the chinook winds.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Epidemiologic study of migraine in epileptic patients.

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Many patients report scalp tenderness.

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Studies have shown that sodium increases before and during headache periods.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

.The number of people reporting migrainous episodes during the chinook winds was higher on high-wind chinook days.优德线上娱乐网站注册 Antidepressant Side Effects Product Review: Excedrin Migraine Many people suffer from migraine headaches every day.
  • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 But during those thirteen days the nation braced for attack, the records noted no Migraines during that stressful period for President Kennedy.
  • Migraine Blog: Current Affairs 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.migraineblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线 In a study of 60 patients, candesartan was reported to reduce days with migraine, migraine severity and disability level (Tronvik et al, 2003).
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

The probable cause was thought to be an increase in positive ions in the air.[36]

Other优德线上娱乐网址二维码

.One study found that for some migraineurs in India, washing hair in a bath was a migraine trigger.优德线上娱乐iosapp Some studies estimate that between 5% and 10% of children may experience migraines but that the disorder is underdiagnosed in children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Studies have demonstrated some effectiveness from biofeedback for migraine headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐iosapp Posted On May 14, 2008 07:03:26 AM ...ge and some lunch meat), certain wines, caffeine avoidance, and certain medications will trigger a migraine in me.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

The triggering effect also had to do with how the hair was later dried.[37]
.Strong fragrances have also been identified as potential triggers, and some sufferers report an increased sensitivity to scent as an aura effect.优德线上娱乐安卓在线 People who suffer tension-type headaches may also feel overly sensitive to light and sound but there is no pre-headache aura as with migraine.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Some studies report dramatic relief with the stratified approach, although side effects may be more severe.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Ziegler and Hassanein11 reported that 44% of their patients who had headache with aura had aura without headache at some time.

[38]

Pathophysiology优德线上娱乐首页地址

.Migraines were once thought to be initiated exclusively by problems with blood vessels.优德线上娱乐场 When the blood vessels leak a protein fluid during an extended full blown migraine attack, a considerable amount of inflammation develops along the blood vessel.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 A diet that prevents low-blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can cause dilation of the blood vessels in the head, may help some migraine sufferers.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 The cause of migraine headache is believed to be related to abnormal serotonin function in blood vessels, 32 and 5-hydroxytryptophan ( 5-HTP , which is converted by the body into serotonin) may affect this abnormality.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.puritan.com [Source type: Academic]

.The vascular theory of migraines is now considered secondary to brain dysfunction[39] and claimed to have been discredited by others.优德线上娱乐 The diagnosis of basilar-type migraine should be considered in patients with paroxysmal brain stem disturbances.

w88优德线上娱乐网址 They now believe migraine is caused by inherited abnormalities in certain cells in the brain.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Nevertheless, there is reasonable evidence in the other direction -- for example, migraine is associated with a mutation in a gene that controls a potent vasoconstrictor (Tzourio et al, 2001), and there is also evidence for vascular muscle dysfunction in migraine (Napoli et al, 2009).

[40] .Trigger points can be at least part of the cause, and perpetuate most kinds of headaches.优德线上娱乐地址官网 However, organic causes of headache must still be excluded, at least by history and physical examination.

优德线上娱乐场 Sometimes they are part of the cause of headaches, however, when hormones are erroneously blamed for migraines, not only are the migraines not eliminated with hormone treatment, but, in addition, the hormone treatment can do long lasting harm to the body.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 The requirement for at least five attacks is imposed because headaches simulating migraine may be caused by such organic diseases as brain tumors, sinusitis, or glaucoma.

[41]
.The effects of migraine may persist for some days after the main headache has ended.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Is this some form of migraine headache?
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Ptosis may persist for days or weeks.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 Zonegran, another anticonvulsant, may have some anti-migraine effects too.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.Many sufferers report a sore feeling in the area where the migraine was, and some report impaired thinking for a few days after the headache has passed.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Many migraine sufferers have a close relative who also suffers from the headaches.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Many people also feel sick and some vomit with the headache.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 Is this some form of migraine headache?
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Migraine headaches can be a symptom of Hypothyroidism since both can be caused by anxiety disorders.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Hypothyroidism (low thyroid) has headaches, including migraines , as one of its symptoms.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Primary Headache Disorders, including Migraine .
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Many conditions cause headache as a symptom.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[42][43]
.A melanopsin-based receptor has been linked to the association between light sensitivity and migraine pain.优德线上娱乐在线网站 They are effective in relieving the pain, nausea and sensitivity to light and sound that are associated with migraines.

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Link between migraine and heart defect?
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Migraines are recurrent headaches separated by symptom-free intervals and accompanied by nausea and light sensitivity.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

[44]

Depolarization theory优德线上娱乐手机软件

.A phenomenon known as cortical spreading depression can cause migraines.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is believed to underlie the migraine aura.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a process in migraine with aura in which a wave of increased brain activity, followed by decreased activity, slowly spreads along the brain's surface.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Brain chemicals called neurotransmitters are involved in creating head pain, as are changes in nerve cell activity (called cortical spreading depression ).
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .In cortical spreading depression, neurological activity is depressed over an area of the cortex of the brain.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Leão AAP (1944) Spreading depression of activity in the cerebral cortex.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Leao AA. Spreading depression of activity in cerebral cortex.

优德线上娱乐线路登录 He currently is exploring how spreading depression and environmental enrichment (i.e., increased social, physical and intellectual activity), which share similar molecular and cellular bases, make brain more resilient against brain disease, an area termed “neurological preventive health.” .
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This situation results in the release of inflammatory mediators leading to irritation of cranial nerve roots, most particularly the trigeminal nerve, which conveys the sensory information for the face and much of the head.优德线上娱乐彩金 Nerves in the neck converge in the trigeminal nerve in the face and can generate pain signals that the brain may interpret as headache.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐场 Glia cells are regarded as a mediator of neuroinflammation releasing pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide in the central nervous system.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 The nerves that lead out from the spine can be irritated when there is a subluxation, and this can cause migraines.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This view is supported by neuroimaging techniques, which appear to show that migraine is primarily a disorder of the brain (neurological), not of the blood vessels (vascular).w88优德线上娱乐 Disorders of blood vessels in the brain , including stroke.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 In the past few decades, however, evidence has strongly suggested that it is a much more complex brain disorder, which involves a complicated interaction of nerve cells and blood vessel dilation.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 There are no blood tests or imaging techniques that can be used to diagnose migraine headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.A spreading depolarization (electrical change) may begin 24 hours before the attack, with onset of the headache occurring around the time when the largest area of the brain is depolarized.优德线上娱乐场 The aura may occur without headache pain, which can strike at any time.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 The headache itself may begin before, at the same time, or at an interval of no more than an hour after the hour.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐 They may occur hours or days before an attack.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A French study in 2007, using the Positron Emission Tomography (PET) technique identified the hypothalamus as being critically involved in the early stages.优德线上娱乐线路检测 Several drug studies seek to identify new drugs to treat various headache disorders and to find safer, more effective doses for medications already being used.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Vascular theory优德线上娱乐线路检测

.Migraines can begin when blood vessels in the brain contract and expand inappropriately.优德线上娱乐地址地址 When the blood vessels leak a protein fluid during an extended full blown migraine attack, a considerable amount of inflammation develops along the blood vessel.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 A diet that prevents low-blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can cause dilation of the blood vessels in the head, may help some migraine sufferers.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 Answer: Migraine headaches are caused by spasm or contraction of the arteries of the brain.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This may start in the occipital lobe, in the back of the brain, as arteries spasm.w88优德线上娱乐 Answer: Migraine headaches are caused by spasm or contraction of the arteries of the brain.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 According to this theory, the nervous system responds to a trigger such as stress by causing a spasm of the nerve-rich arteries at the base of the brain.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线 Although auras are relatively specific for migraine, related phenomena may occur in cerebrovascular disease, including carotid dissection, and in epilepsy, especially of the occipital lobes.

.The reduced flow of blood from the occipital lobe triggers the aura that some individuals who have migraines experience because the visual cortex is in the occipital area.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Certain regions of reduced blood flow are associated with auras.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 This drug should not be used by patients with coronary artery disease and must be discontinued for 34 weeks after 46 months of use because it can cause retroperitoneal fibrosis, a condition in which the blood vessels in the abdomen thicken, which reduces blood flow to organs.
  • Migraines Page ~ APS Foundation of America, Inc. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.apsfa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Some studies estimate that between 5% and 10% of children may experience migraines but that the disorder is underdiagnosed in children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[39]
.When the constriction stops and the blood vessels dilate, they become too wide.优德线上娱乐安卓在线 Triptans narrow (constrict) blood vessels.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐 Ergotamines function by constricting blood vessels.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Nicotine constricts the blood vessels.
  • Headache Remedies - Health 911 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.health911.com [Source type: General]

.The once solid walls of the blood vessels become permeable and some fluid leaks out.w88优德线上娱乐 When the blood vessels leak a protein fluid during an extended full blown migraine attack, a considerable amount of inflammation develops along the blood vessel.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 A diet that prevents low-blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can cause dilation of the blood vessels in the head, may help some migraine sufferers.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 As a result, the blood vessel begins to leak a protein fluid into the surrounding tissues.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This leakage is recognized by pain receptors in the blood vessels of surrounding tissue.w88优德线上娱乐 As a result, the blood vessel begins to leak a protein fluid into the surrounding tissues.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 A subarachnoid hemorrhage is the rupture of a blood vessel located within the subarachnoid space-a fluid-filled space between layers of connective tissue (meninges) that surround the brain.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 The pain occurs in phase II, when the blood vessels of the head and neck over-react and re-expand to larger than the normal size.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In response, the body supplies the area with chemicals which cause inflammation.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Chemicals which cause inflammation and swelling, and substances which increase sensitivity to pain, are also released.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Inflammation in arteries that carry blood to the head, neck, and sometimes the upper part of the body can cause very severe headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.With each heart beat, blood passes through this sensitive area causing a throb of pain.优德线上娱乐线路登录 With each heart beat, the blood pushes through these vessels and expands them further, causing intense pain.
  • Migraine headaches Herbal Home Remdies,Natural Cure 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.divineremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 An exception is malignant hypertension, an uncommon medical emergency, in which the blood pressure abruptly rises to extreme levels, causing damage to blood vessels in the brain, heart, and kidneys.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Because of this effect, very rarely spasms in the blood vessels may occur and cause serious side effects, including stroke and heart attack.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[39]
.The vascular theory of migraines is now seen as secondary to brain dysfunction.优德线上娱乐彩金 Vascular smooth muscle dysfunction in migraine .
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 They now believe migraine is caused by inherited abnormalities in certain cells in the brain.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Until recently, the general theory on the migraine process rested solely on the idea that abnormalities of blood vessel (vascular) systems in the head were responsible for migraines.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[39][47]

Serotonin theory优德线上娱乐app官方

.Serotonin is a type of neurotransmitter, or "communication chemical" which passes messages between nerve cells.优德线上娱乐在线网站 (A neurotransmitter is a chemical messenger that allows communication between nerves in the brain.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线 These drugs act at the peripheral cholinergic and adrenergic synapses by inhibiting breakdown of neurotransmitters, thus elevating these chemicals in the critical interface between neurons.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Brain chemicals called neurotransmitters are involved in creating head pain, as are changes in nerve cell activity (called cortical spreading depression ).
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It helps to control mood, pain sensation, sexual behaviour, sleep, as well as dilation and constriction of the blood vessels among other things.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Remember that the pain begins when the blood vessels dilate.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 When the blood vessels dilate, the headache pain starts.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 Serotonin causes blood vessels to constrict and lowers the pain threshold.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Low serotonin levels in the brain may lead to a process of constriction and dilation of the blood vessels which trigger a migraine.优德线上娱乐线路登录 Migraine attacks may be triggered by: .

优德线上娱乐app官方 Oversleep may also trigger migraine.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Levels of serotonin in the blood drop.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[39] .Triptans activate serotonin receptors to stop a migraine attack.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Triptans are very effective in stopping acute migraine attacks.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 A wide variety of medications are used to stop migraine attacks.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Other research is aimed at identifying receptors or drug targets to stop the process of migraine aura in the brain.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39]

Neural theory优德线上娱乐在线

.When certain nerves or an area in the brain stem become irritated, a migraine begins.优德线上娱乐app官方 Today, most medical experts believe the attack actually begins in the brain itself, where it involves various nerve pathways and chemicals.

优德线上娱乐场 Migraines are very painful headaches that usually begin on only one side of the head and may become worse with exposure to light.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐iosapp Another study component is investigating what happens at the beginning of a headache and how changes in the brain's meninges may lead to vascular and trigeminal nerve stimulation associated with the painful part of a migraine headache.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In response to the irritation, the body releases chemicals which cause inflammation of the blood vessels.优德线上娱乐官网官网 At the same time, blood-clotting particles called platelets clump together-a process which is believed to release a chemical called serotonin.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 When the blood vessels leak a protein fluid during an extended full blown migraine attack, a considerable amount of inflammation develops along the blood vessel.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Sometimes the cause is ruptured blood vessels, which result in an accumulation of blood called a hematoma.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These chemicals cause further irritation of the nerves and blood vessels and results in pain.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Serotonin causes blood vessels to constrict and lowers the pain threshold.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐彩金 Sometimes the cause is ruptured blood vessels, which result in an accumulation of blood called a hematoma.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 In these cases, further evaluation is usually performed to ensure no other cause since migraines usually have pain with their onset.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Substance P is one of the substances released with first irritation. .Pain then increases because substance P aids in sending pain signals to the brain.优德线上娱乐安卓在线 The thalamus controls the body's sensitivity to light and noise and sends messages to parts of the brain that manage awareness of pain and emotional response to it.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Nerves in the neck converge in the trigeminal nerve in the face and can generate pain signals that the brain may interpret as headache.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Chemicals which cause inflammation and swelling, and substances which increase sensitivity to pain, are also released.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[39]

Unifying theory优德线上娱乐在线

.Both vascular and neural influences cause migraines.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Causes Although much about the cause of migraines isn't understood, genetics and environmental factors seem to both play a role.
  • Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]

  1. stress triggers changes in the brain
  2. these changes cause serotonin to be released
  3. blood vessels constrict and dilate
  4. chemicals including substance P irritate nerves and blood vessels causing neurogenic inflammation and pain[39]

Prevention优德线上娱乐安卓在线

.Preventive (also called prophylactic) treatment of migraines can be an important component of migraine management.优德线上娱乐首页地址 First, and most important, is preventative treatment.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 An effective stress management system can help a migraine sufferer prevent or minimize headaches triggered by these factors and can contribute to a sense of overall good health.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 The standard for treatment of frequent migraines is preventative medicine and abortive medicine when needed.

.Such treatments can take many forms, including everything from taking certain drugs or nutritional supplements, to lifestyle alterations such as increased exercise and avoidance of migraine triggers.优德线上娱乐地址官网 There are so many possible triggers for migraines.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 For many individuals, Migraine s are triggered by certain foods.
  • Caffeine And Migraines | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐在线 Certain factors are known to trigger migraines.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The goals of preventive therapy are to reduce the frequency, painfulness, and/or duration of migraines, and to increase the effectiveness of abortive therapy.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 The standard for treatment of frequent migraines is preventative medicine and abortive medicine when needed.

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Drugs to treat/prevent frequent migraines .
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Preventive medications can reduce the frequency, severity and length of migraines and may increase the effectiveness of symptom-relieving medicines used during migraine attacks.
  • Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[48] .Another reason to pursue these goals is to avoid medication overuse headache (MOH), otherwise known as rebound headache, which is a common problem among migraneurs.优德线上娱乐地址在线 The main problem here is "rebound" headaches.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐iosapp Weve been very quietly going about the business of investigating gynecologic and female medical problems - and in the process discovered how to eliminate migraine headaches .

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 If the child or adult gets a warning (aura), the headache may be avoided or much reduced by taking medication immediately, before the pain starts .
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is believed to occur in part due to overuse of pain medications, and can result in chronic daily headache.优德线上娱乐地址官网 The result is headache pain.

优德线上娱乐线路检测 Chronic attacks occur on a daily or near-daily basis for a year or more with only brief remissions.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 If the child or adult gets a warning (aura), the headache may be avoided or much reduced by taking medication immediately, before the pain starts .
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49][50]
.Many of the preventive treatments are quite effective: Even with a placebo, one-quarter of patients find that their migraine frequency is reduced by half or more, and actual treatments often far exceed this figure.优德线上娱乐平台首页 The standard for treatment of frequent migraines is preventative medicine and abortive medicine when needed.

优德线上娱乐地址地址 The management of a migraine patient is often challenging.

优德线上娱乐彩金 In one study that investigated their use for migraine prevention, more than half of patients experienced a reduction in frequency of severe attacks.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[51] .There are many medicines available to prevent or reduce frequency, duration and severity of migraine attacks.优德线上娱乐app官方 The standard for treatment of frequent migraines is preventative medicine and abortive medicine when needed.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Reduce frequency of attacks and severity when they occur.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Although there's no cure, medications can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.
  • Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.They may also prevent complications of migraine.优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Antiepileptic agents, such as divalproex sodium, gabapentin, and topiramate, may prevent attacks of both migraine and epilepsy.
  • Migraine Comorbidity - Migraine Comorbidity - 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.headachecare.net [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐app官方 Prophylactic medications : For those who have more than 2 severe headaches/month and in patients with complicated migraine (migraine with stroke-like features), a daily medication may be worth while.

优德线上娱乐 They may be used for prevention of migraine under the following circumstances: Nonprescription NSAIDs.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Propranolol, atenolol, metoprolol, flunarizine, sodium valproate, topiramate are some of the commonly used drugs.优德线上娱乐地址地址 Examples of drugs that are used include dihydroergotamine (with or without metoclopramide), NSAIDs (in mild cases), corticosteroids, or valproate.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Drugs containing ergotamine (commonly called ergots) constrict smooth muscles, including those in blood vessels, and are useful for migraine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Like any drug with analgesic properties, it can be used to relieve some of the pain of a migraine.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But they need to be taken for about 3 months or more.优德线上娱乐地址官网 They must be taken for weeks to months before any benefit is noticed.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 About 35% of those with migraine have 3 or more migraines per month.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 It's normal during breast-feeding for a woman to have no menstrual periods for a time which can be 3 months, 2 years or more, averaging about 14 months.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Management优德线上娱乐线路登录

.Conventional treatment focuses on three areas: trigger avoidance, symptomatic control, and prophylactic pharmacological drugs.优德线上娱乐场 The key to the control of migraine is preventative treatment rather than symptomatic treatment.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Palevitch D, Earon G, Carasso R. Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) as a prophylactic treatment for migraine: A double-blind placebo-controlled study.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 Preventative treatment consists of: medication, dietary restrictions, identification and avoidance of triggers, and behavior modification.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Patients who experience migraines often find that the recommended migraine treatments are not 100% effective at preventing migraines, and sometimes may not be effective at all.优德线上娱乐首页地址 Petasites hybridus root (butterbur) is an effective preventive treatment for migraine.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐 Menstrual migraine is sometimes difficult to prevent.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐 I generally make few restrictions on such triggers but remind patients that specific triggers like hot dogs, chocolate and cheeses can trigger migraine but often don’t do so in all patients.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pharmacological treatments are considered effective if they reduce the frequency or severity of migraine attacks by 50%.优德线上娱乐彩金 Reduce frequency of attacks and severity when they occur.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Both compounds reduced the frequency of migraines by about 50%.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Reduce frequency of attacks and severity of migraines without auras.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[52]
.Children and adolescents are often first given drug treatment, but the value of diet modification should not be overlooked.优德线上娱乐 Simple non-drug treatment that should be tried first Ice or heat to head (try both at different times to find out if they work for you) Massage See " alternative methods " for more options 3.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Such patients have usually received an inadequate treatment and have often become neurotic and drug-dependent."
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐iosapp Egger J, Carter CM, Soothill JF, Wilson J. Oligoantigenic diet treatment of children with epilepsy and migraine.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

.The simple task of starting a diet journal to help modify the intake of trigger foods like hot dogs, chocolate, cheese and ice cream could help alleviate symptoms.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Tyramine-containing foods like chocolate and cheese are also triggers.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐 Keeping a diet journal will help identify food triggers.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Red wine, aged cheeses and processed meats (like hot dogs and bologna) are good examples.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]
.For patients who have been diagnosed with recurring migraines, migraine abortive medications can be used to treat the attack, and may be more effective if taken early, losing effectiveness once the attack has begun.优德线上娱乐iosapp Independent migraine attacks occurred in 9% of the patients.

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 A wide variety of medications are used to stop migraine attacks.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Confusional migraine may be difficult to diagnose.

.Treating the attack at the onset can often abort it before it becomes serious, and can reduce the near-term frequency of subsequent attacks.w88优德线上娱乐网址 Intensity, duration, and frequency of attacks of migraine were significantly reduced in all participants in whom the H. pylori was eradicated.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Reduce frequency of attacks and severity when they occur.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Double-blind trials have demonstrated that butterbur extract can reduce the frequency of migraine attacks significantly better than placebo.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]

Paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs)优德线上娱乐网站注册

.The first line of treatment is over-the-counter abortive medication.优德线上娱乐在线网站 In order to effectively stop an attack, the abortive medication must be taken within ten to fifteen minutes after the first symptom.
  • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 (Triptans should not, in any case, be the first-line treatment for children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.
  • Regarding non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a randomized controlled trial found that naproxen can abort about one third of migraine attacks, which was 5% less than the benefit of sumatriptan.优德线上娱乐在线网站 If drugs used for migraine attack are ineffective.
    • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

    优德线上娱乐官网官网 The attacks are usually less frequent and shorter than migraines.
    • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐线路登录 This is a very effective drug to abort a migraine attack.
    • Migraines, Cluster Headaches, Chronic Headaches: migraine treatment, symptoms, medications, and information 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.kirchnerheadacheclinic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [54]
  • .
  • Paracetamol (known as acetaminophen in North America) benefited over half of patients with mild or moderate migraines in a randomized controlled trial.优德线上娱乐地址地址 A randomized controlled trial.
    • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

    优德线上娱乐平台首页 PFO researcher Peter Wilmshurst, MB, of the UK’s Royal Shrewsbury Hospital, tells WebMD that about half of patients with a specific type of migraine known as migraine with aura have large PFOs or similar openings in their hearts compared to about 5% of the population at large.
    • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐地址在线 Hemiplegic migraine : Patients with hemiplegic migraine have temporary paralysis on one side of the body, a condition known as hemiplegia.
    • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [55]
  • .
  • Simple analgesics combined with caffeine may help.w88优德线上娱乐 Small amounts of caffeine may help relieve symptoms during a migraine's early stages.
    • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐场 Combination analgesics involve a mix of drugs such as acetaminophen plus caffeine and/or a narcotic for migraine that may be resistant to simple analgesics.
    • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [56] .During a migraine attack, emptying of the stomach is slowed, resulting in nausea and a delay in absorbing medication.优德线上娱乐线路登录 Patients commonly deal with a migraine by taking some kind of pain relief medication, lying in bed, struggling with nausea and vomiting and trying to minimize lights, noises and smells that can either trigger a migraine attack or make it worse.
    • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐官方客户端 These may result, at least in part, from the perceived (and actual) loss of control that comes with recurring migraine attacks.
    • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

    优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Migraine is divided into four phases, all of which may be present during the attack: .
    • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Caffeine has been shown to partially reverse this effect. .Excedrin is an example of an aspirin with caffeine product.优德线上娱乐app官方 Daily caffeine also helps most migraine sufferers, sometimes even taken as pill(excedrin for example).
    • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Caffeine is recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an Over The Counter Drug (OTC) treatment for migraine when compounded with aspirin and paracetamol.优德线上娱乐地址官网 Exedrin Migraine Acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine .
    • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

    w88优德线上娱乐网址 The use of this non-drug treatment in reducing migraine frequency, intensity, and effect on quality of life is being tested in larger clinical trials.
    • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐地址官网 Secondly, are the treatment drugs like Zomig and Imitrex- I assume you are using these with the onset of the migraines?
    • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [57] .Even by itself, caffeine can be helpful during an attack,[58][59] despite the fact that in general migraine-sufferers are advised to limit their caffeine intake.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Dec 09, 09:58:59 I have read that some people have been to see an Ophthalmologist (eye doctor) and have been diagnosed with having high blood pressure behind the eyes leading to daily migraines.Its a long shot but it may help.
    • Migraine video compilations | migraine Videos 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migrainessymptoms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    优德线上娱乐地址在线 In fact migraine sufferers increase their risks to serious side effects such as strokes, which can be life-altering - or worse, life-threatening.
    • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

    优德线上娱乐线路检测 An effective stress management system can help a migraine sufferer prevent or minimize headaches triggered by these factors and can contribute to a sense of overall good health.
    • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [59]
.Patients themselves often start off with paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen, or other simple analgesics that are useful for tension headaches.优德线上娱乐手机软件 Especially useful for tension headache.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Migraine headaches are often misdiagnosed by patients themselves as sinus headaches.

优德线上娱乐地址在线 Biofeedback : Used for headaches with a tension component.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.OTC drugs may provide some relief, although they are typically not effective for most sufferers.w88优德线上娱乐网址 Muscle relaxants, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants may provide some relief.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Corticosteroids may also provide temporary relief from some symptoms.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 According to a group of researchers from the Ohio State University Medical Center a new magnetic device may provide them with non-pharmacological relief.
  • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.In all, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three OTC products specifically for migraine: Excedrin Migraine, Advil Migraine, and Motrin Migraine Pain.优德线上娱乐地址官网 I take this drug occasionally to help relieve the pain associated with migraine.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 About 1/3 of all migraine sufferers are helped by avoiding certain foods or drugs.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Drug companies are also part of the problem, spending billions of dollars touting their products – prescription drugs all.

.Excedrin Migraine, as mentioned above, is a combination of aspirin, acetaminophen, and caffeine.优德线上娱乐手机软件 Answer: Exedrin is a combination of aspirin/acetaminophen/caffeine.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 Exedrin Migraine Acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine .
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

w88优德线上娱乐 Acetaminophen plus aspirin plus caffeine.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.Both Advil Migraine and Motrin Migraine Pain are straight NSAIDs, with ibuprofen as the only active ingredient.优德线上娱乐地址地址 However, one important mechanism may be that non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS, which include ibuprofen and naproxen), which are very effective against migraine, can reduce inflammation; this in turn, can lessen pain at the meninges.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐场 Migraines are very painful headaches that usually begin on only one side of the head and may become worse with exposure to light.
  • Migraine Headache 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.publix.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 I have 5 sisters only two of us get migraine,we both took the pill for a short time the other sisters did not!

[60]

Analgesics combined with antiemetics优德线上娱乐线路登录

.Antiemetics by mouth may help relieve symtoms of nausea and help prevent vomiting, which can diminish the effectiveness of orally taken analgesia.w88优德线上娱乐网址 Symptoms may include nausea and vomiting.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 An effective stress management system can help a migraine sufferer prevent or minimize headaches triggered by these factors and can contribute to a sense of overall good health.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Calcium channel blockers may help prevent migraine in people who are prone.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition some antiemetics such as metoclopramide are prokinetics and help gastric emptying which is often impaired during episodes of migraine.优德线上娱乐手机软件 In addition, researchers have found ways to help many migraine sufferers ease the pain of migraines, often without medication.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 Impaired functioning during this phase adds substantially to the burden of migraine.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐app官方 If the migraines are happening most of the time at the same stage of a menstrual cycle, use of hormones such as the ones in some types of the Pill may help avoid a headache.
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the UK there are three combination antiemetic and analgesic preparations available: MigraMax (aspirin with metoclopramide), Migraleve (paracetamol/codeine for analgesia, with buclizine as the antiemetic) and paracetamol/metoclopramide (Paramax in UK).优德线上娱乐官网官网 Researchers have combined a high-dose NSAID (equivalent to 900 mg of aspirin) with metoclopramide (Reglan), a drug that prevents nausea and vomiting.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[61] .The earlier these drugs are taken in the attack, the better their effect.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Of course even the intended effects of these drugs are, for most migraine patients, just more side effects.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 These drugs also have some utility as abortive agents, presumably because of their effects on the dopamine pathways.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 There are also older drugs, called ergots, that have similar effects but have more side effects -- examples of these types of drugs are: Cafergot, DHE, and Ergotamine.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.Some patients find relief from taking other sedative antihistamines which have anti-nausea properties, such as Benadryl which in the US contains diphenhydramine (but a different non-sedative product in the UK).优德线上娱乐场 Patients commonly deal with a migraine by taking some kind of pain relief medication, lying in bed, struggling with nausea and vomiting and trying to minimize lights, noises and smells that can either trigger a migraine attack or make it worse.
  • Migraine | HealthyWomen 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.healthywomen.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐彩金 These drugs can be effective in migraine prevention in some patients and are usually used if other medications fail in prevention.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 If you find yourself in this situation, trying to lose some weight might be your greatest source of relief.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Serotonin agonists优德线上娱乐app官方

.Sumatriptan and related selective serotonin receptor agonists are excellent for severe migraines or those that do not respond to NSAIDs[54] or other over-the-counter drugs.w88优德线上娱乐网址 Epileptic migraine responds to sumatriptan.

w88优德线上娱乐网址 The headache and associated symptoms of migraine with aura are similar to those of migraine without aura but may be less severe, of shorter duration, or both.

优德线上娱乐app官方 Disadvantage: Most NSAIDs are not effective alone for severe migraines.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[55] .Triptans are a mid-line treatment suitable for many migraineurs with typical migraines.w88优德线上娱乐网址 (Triptans should not, in any case, be the first-line treatment for children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (7) Nutritional Treatments (7.1) Food Sensitivity Many books agree that chocolate is the most likely food to cause migraines.
  • Natural Migraine Treatment FAQ 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 Many individuals suffering with migraines prefer natural treatment but aren’t always able to find them, so they resort to prescription medication when there is no other alternative.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They may not work for atypical or unusually severe migraines, transformed migraines, or status (continuous) migraines.优德线上娱乐线路登录 The headache and associated symptoms of migraine with aura are similar to those of migraine without aura but may be less severe, of shorter duration, or both.

优德线上娱乐首页地址 Status migrainosus is a rare and severe type of acute migraine in which disabling pain and nausea can last 72 hours or longer.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Women with migraine who take oral contraceptives may experience changes in the frequency and severity of attacks, while women who do not suffer from headaches may develop migraines as a side effect of oral contraceptives.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Serotonin specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of migraines, but have been found to be effective by clinical consensus.w88优德线上娱乐网址 The selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and similar agents.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

w88优德线上娱乐网址 Feverfew + ginger found effective in acute treatment of migraine .
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐安卓在线 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a variety of drugs for these treatment methods.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52]

Antidepressants优德线上娱乐手机软件

.Tricyclic antidepressants have been long established as highly efficacious prophylactic treatments.优德线上娱乐iosapp The types of antidepressants used for migraine treatment include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and tricyclic antidepressants (which are also used to treat tension-type headaches).
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .These drugs, however, may give rise to undesirable side effects, such as insomnia, sedation or sexual dysfunction.优德线上娱乐地址安卓 If side effects occur, the patient should call a physician, but it is extremely important not to stop the drug abruptly.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Coronary side-effect potential of current and prospective antimigraine drugs .
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐官网官网 Some studies report dramatic relief with the stratified approach, although side effects may be more severe.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.SSRIs antidepressants are less established than tricyclics for migraines prophylaxis.优德线上娱乐彩金 After being diagnosed by a wonderful psychologist and and prescribed an appropriate antidepressant, my migraines have become less frequent.

优德线上娱乐iosapp The pain centers around one eye and is usually less intense than in a standard migraine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐场 Symptoms of retinal migraine are short-term blind spots or total blindness in one eye that lasts less than an hour.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Despite the absence of FDA approval for migraine treatment, antidepressants are widely prescribed.优德线上娱乐彩金 After being diagnosed by a wonderful psychologist and and prescribed an appropriate antidepressant, my migraines have become less frequent.

优德线上娱乐 Zoloft for Migraine Prevention [posted 7/23/98] Question: I have been prescribed Zoloft in combination with Toprol for the treatment of chronic headaches (most likely migraines).
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 "I would love to give you the results of the treatment you have prescribed to be free of the migraine headaches I had.

[52] .In addition to tricyclics and SSRIs, the anti-depressant nefazodone may also be beneficial in the prophylaxis of migraines due to its antagonistic effects on the 5-HT2A[62] and 5-HT2C receptors[63][64] It has a more favorable side effect profile than amitriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant commonly used for migraine prophylaxis.优德线上娱乐iosapp Has more severe side effects than triptans.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Epilepsy may be viewed as a more serious disorder than migraine.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 [For more extensive information on antidepressants, including side effects, see Report #8, Depression.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Anti-depressants offer advantages for treating migraine patients with comorbid depression.优德线上娱乐地址地址 She takes Elavil, an anti-depressant, for migraine prevention.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐在线 Although tricyclic antidepressants and neuroleptic drugs are often used to treat migraine in patients with comorbid epilepsy, caution is advisable, as these medications may lower seizure thresholds.

优德线上娱乐平台首页 I remember very well working in the emergency room, treating all the chronic migraine patients with intravenous narcotics and nausea medication.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

[52]

Ergot alkaloids优德线上娱乐地址官网

.Until the introduction of sumatriptan in 1991, ergot derivatives (see ergoline) were the primary oral drugs available to abort a migraine once it is established.优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Drugs containing ergotamine (commonly called ergots) constrict smooth muscles, including those in blood vessels, and are useful for migraine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐彩金 Eliminate your migraines without seeing a doctor Tells you why you won’t need to buy expensive prescription drugs.

优德线上娱乐在线网站 There are two basic types of medications used to treat migraines: drugs to prevent migraines from occurring and drugs to treat the headache once it...
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Ergot drugs can be used either as a preventive or abortive therapy, though their relative expense and cumulative side effects suggest reserving them as an abortive rescue medicine.优德线上娱乐在线 Second are drugs used to prevent migraines.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 The use of this non-drug treatment in reducing migraine frequency, intensity, and effect on quality of life is being tested in larger clinical trials.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 If side effects occur, the patient should call a physician, but it is extremely important not to stop the drug abruptly.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.However, ergotamine tartrate tablets (usually with caffeine), though highly effective, and long lasting (unlike triptans), have fallen out of favour due to the problem of ergotism.优德线上娱乐在线网站 Sometimes they are part of the cause of headaches, however, when hormones are erroneously blamed for migraines, not only are the migraines not eliminated with hormone treatment, but, in addition, the hormone treatment can do long lasting harm to the body.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 The pain and other effects (including feeling sick, vomiting) are the same as a common migraine, but may not last as long (usually less than 24 hours).
  • Parenting and Child Health - Health Topics - Migraine 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 It may be difficult to identify the type of headache because children often have problems describing where it hurts, how often the headaches occur, and how long they last.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Oral ergotamine tablet absorption is reliable unless the patient is nauseated.优德线上娱乐线路检测 Ergotamine itself is available in oral tablets (Ergomar, Wigraine, Ercaf) and in rectal suppositories (Cafergot).
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Anti-nausea administration is available by ergotamine suppository (or Ergostat sublingual tablets made until circa 1992).优德线上娱乐iosapp Ergotamine itself is available in oral tablets (Ergomar, Wigraine, Ercaf) and in rectal suppositories (Cafergot).
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Ergot drugs themselves can be so nauseating it is advisable for the sufferer to have something at hand to counteract this effect when first using this drug.优德线上娱乐官网官网 Drugs containing ergotamine (commonly called ergots) constrict smooth muscles, including those in blood vessels, and are useful for migraine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 First, if headaches occur infrequently (e.g., less tha n four times a month) an abortive agent – something that stops the progression of symptoms once started – can be used.
  • Migraine: Mechanisms and Management - a knol by Richard P. Kraig, Ph.D., M.D. 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐平台首页 And normal women who do not suffer from headaches may develop migraines as a side effect when they use oral contraceptives.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Ergotamine-caffeine 1/100 mg fixed ratio tablets (like Cafergot, Ercaf, etc.优德线上娱乐线路检测 Cafergot, Wigraine, and Ercaf contain caffeine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Ergotamine itself is available in oral tablets (Ergomar, Wigraine, Ercaf) and in rectal suppositories (Cafergot).
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路检测 It was less than $3.00 for 100 250 mg tablets, so the price seemed pretty fair.
  • How to eliminate migraines and headaches in less than a week... 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ultrawellness.com [Source type: General]

) are much less expensive per headache than triptans, and are commonly available in Asia and Romania (Cofedol). .They are difficult to obtain in the USA. Ergotamine-caffeine can't be regularly used to abort evening or night onset migraines due to debilitating caffeine interference with sleep.优德线上娱乐安卓在线 If you have onset of a migraine and vertigo, relief of the migraine with Imitrex should relieve the vertigo if they are related.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐app官方 Secondly, are the treatment drugs like Zomig and Imitrex- I assume you are using these with the onset of the migraines?
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Drugs containing ergotamine (commonly called ergots) constrict smooth muscles, including those in blood vessels, and are useful for migraine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Pure ergotamine tartrate is highly effective for evening-night migraines, but is rarely or never available in the USA. Dihydroergotamine (DHE), which must be injected or inhaled, can be as effective as ergotamine tartrate, but is much more expensive than $2 USD Cafergot tablets.优德线上娱乐在线 I rarely get migraines any more.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网站注册 For example, sumatriptan relieves migraines more quickly than ergotamine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线 In general, attacks of migraine are of more gradual onset and longer duration than epileptic seizures.

Steroids优德线上娱乐场

.Based on a recent meta analysis a single dose of IV dexamethasone, when added to standard treatment, is associated with a 26% decrease in headache recurrence.优德线上娱乐场 The patient should report any other conditions that might be associated with headache, including but not limited the following: Any chronic or recent illness and their treatments.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线网站 Studies by other investigators are adding insight to headache etiology and treatment.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐手机软件 Obstet Gynecol 2000:96:237-242 Solbach MP, Waymer RS. treatment of mensturation-associated migraine headache with subcutaneous sumatriptan.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

[65]

Other agents优德线上娱乐平台首页

.If over-the-counter medications do not work, or if triptans are unaffordable, the next step for many doctors is to prescribe Fioricet or Fiorinal, which is a combination of butalbital (a barbiturate), paracetamol (in Fioricet) or acetylsalicylic acid (more commonly known as aspirin and present in Fiorinal), and caffeine.优德线上娱乐在线 Butalbital (a barbiturate) plus other compounds including aspirin and caffeine (Fiorinal, Issocet, Endolor, Femcet) or acetaminophen (Phenilin, Axocet, Bucet, Fioricet) .
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址官网 If you tried going to your own insurance plan doctor, the co-pay, deductible and costs for prescription medications (that don’t even work) would be many times higher than our publication.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 More recently the triptans have been deemed to work by inhibiting the release of CGRP, and a new generation of CGRP inhibitors have been under development for some time.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

.While the risk of addiction is low, butalbital can be habit-forming if used daily, and it can also lead to rebound headaches.优德线上娱乐平台首页 It should not be used for any other form of headache.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 A doubling of risk sounds scary, but in absolute terms, it’s still low,” says Dr. Stephen Silberstein, a migraine specialist at the Jefferson Headache Center in Philadelphia.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 Non-steroidals or "NSAID" medications are both useful for pain at the time of headache, and may also help on a daily basis.
  • Migraine Headache 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.tchain.com [Source type: Academic]

.Barbiturate-containing medications are not available in many European countries.优德线上娱乐手机软件 Find the right medicine – there are many more medications available for migraines than there used to be.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐彩金 Medications implicated in rebound migraines include simple painkillers (eg, acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen), barbiturates, sedatives, narcotics, and migraine medications, particularly those that also contain caffeine.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 The good news is that now in the 21st century numerous medications specifically for migraines have been developed and are available to migraine sufferers in many places throughout the U.S. and beyond.
  • Migraine Headache Symptoms, Pain Relief and Treatment Information Center 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migraines-headaches.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Amidrine, Duradrin, and Midrin is a combination of acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone, and isometheptene often prescribed for migraine headaches.w88优德线上娱乐网址 Primary stabbing headache occurs most often in people who have migraine, hemicrania continua, tension-type, or cluster headaches.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐网址二维码 They are beneficial for patients with combination tension and migraine headaches.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐在线 Children may often have a form of migraine known as a migraine equivalent or abdominal migraine, which does not cause a headache at all.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

.Some studies have recently shown that these drugs may work better than sumatriptan for treating migraines.优德线上娱乐地址官网 The results of a recent study may have some migraine sufferers hopeful that relief may be at hand.
  • Migraine Headache - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 8:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

优德线上娱乐地址地址 For actual migraine, sumatriptan may help.
  • Migraine video compilations | migraine Videos 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC migrainesymptons.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐 Some studies estimate that between 5% and 10% of children may experience migraines but that the disorder is underdiagnosed in children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

[66]
.Antiemetics may need to be given by suppository or injection where vomiting dominates the symptoms.优德线上娱乐地址在线 Symptoms may include nausea and vomiting.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Other parts of the brain may also be part of the process, causing nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, trouble concentrating, and other neurological symptoms.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, increased sensitivity to light or sound, and vision problems.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Recently it has been found that calcitonin gene related peptides (CGRPs) play a role in the pathogenesis of the pain associated with migraine as triptans also decrease its release and action.优德线上娱乐场 Nitric oxide and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have been implicated in craniofacial pain including migraine headache.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

w88优德线上娱乐 Hormones: What special role do they play in migraine pain?

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Nitroglycerin facilitates calcitonin gene-related peptide-induced behavior.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

.CGRP receptor antagonists such as olcegepant and telcagepant are being investigated both in vitro and in clinical studies for the treatment of migraine.w88优德线上娱乐网址 The use of this non-drug treatment in reducing migraine frequency, intensity, and effect on quality of life is being tested in larger clinical trials.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 CSD inhibiting drugs such as tonabersat are being tested in clinical trials for their usefulness in treating migraine and other neurological diseases.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐地址在线 In the study briefly summarized below a traditional Japanese migraine medication is investigated.
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

[67]
Status migrainosusw88优德线上娱乐
.Status migrainosus is characterized by migraine lasting more than 72 hours, with not more than four hours of relief during that period.优德线上娱乐在线网站 No single aura symptom lasts more than an hour.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐app官方 Attacks that persist for more than 3 days are known as status migrainosus.

优德线上娱乐地址官网 Untreated attacks last from 4 to 72 hours.
  • Headache: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.ninds.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is generally understood that status migrainosus has been refractory to usual outpatient management upon presentation.
Treatment of status migrainosus consists of managing comorbidities (i. e. correcting fluid and electrolyte abnormalities resulting from anorexia and nausea/vomiting often accompanying status migr.), and usually administering parenteral medication to "break" (abort) the headache.
.Although the literature is full of many case reports concerning treatment of status migrainosus, first line therapy consists of intravenous fluids, metoclopramide, and triptans or DHE.优德线上娱乐在线网站 (Triptans should not, in any case, be the first-line treatment for children.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

w88优德线上娱乐 Patient satisfaction is high with these agents, and triptans are now recommended as first-line agents for many adult patients with moderate to severe migraines when NSAIDs, Exedrin Migraine, or other less powerful agents have not been effective.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC preventdisease.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐地址安卓 Although most cases have been reported in Asia (China, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand), cases have cropped up in Europe and North America.
  • Causes of Migraine - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[68]
Herbal treatment优德线上娱乐官网官网
.The herbal supplement feverfew (more commonly used for migraine prevention, see below) is marketed by the GelStat Corporation as an OTC migraine abortive, administered sublingually (under the tongue) in a mixture with ginger.优德线上娱乐网站注册 Review: Feverfew in migraine prevention .
  • Episodic Migraine | Let's get better 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC doctorstevesbanjo.com [Source type: Academic]

优德线上娱乐线路登录 Second are drugs used to prevent migraines.
  • Drug InfoNet - Migraine Headache - [alzheimers] 28 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

优德线上娱乐官方客户端 Verapamil (Calan) is most commonly used for prevention of migraines.
  • PreventDisease.com - Migraine Headaches 15 September 2009 23:11 UTC